University academics would write exam questions under Conservative plans for the curriculum, reports the Times.
The shadow schools secretary Michael Gove told the paper today that the Conservatives wanted a return to a system where professors would set more challenging GCSE and A-level questions, those with teaching jobs
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Referring to the fact that most exam questions are currently devised by private companies, Mr Gove said: "The government has devalued our curriculum and exams.
"It is vital that we restore the influence of universities over our curriculum and exams so we can rebuild their reputation."
The announcement follows criticism of the newly modular science GCSE from exams watchdog Ofqual. In March this year, the regulator reported a "lack of challenge" in papers.
Amongst Ofqual's recommendations were calls for improved quality of questions and tighter marking criteria.
It asked for immediate action from exam-boards and said that the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority are now working towards a revised specification, expected for 2011.