Education secretary Michael Gove would like to see a larger proportion of schoolchildren studying maths until the age of 18.
In a speech at the Royal Society, he suggested that Britain is lagging behind other developed countries when it comes to maths and science.
Mr Gove said there needs to be a greater understanding of areas such as calculus and statistics.
"That is why I think we should set a new goal for the education system so that within a decade the vast majority of pupils are studying maths right through to the age of 18," he commented.
Mr Gove added that "fundamental number concepts, fractions and the building blocks of algebra" should also be introduced in primary education.
The government earlier this year proposed that students should continue studying maths and English beyond the age of 16 if they fail to gain a good GCSE grade in the subjects.
Posted by Katy Kearns