A report published last week by Ofsted suggested that youngsters from disadvantaged backgrounds are more likely to struggle at school when it comes to literacy.
Furthermore, the organisation noted that poor speech and language skills can also provide a barrier to reading.
John Coe, secretary for the National Association for Primary Education, said that in order to make the best use of their secondary education, children should be fluent readers by the age of 14.
"There is no doubt at all that children's attainment in their early years reflects very closely the background which they bring with them into the learning process, through their parents and their families. In many ways, the children are deeply affected. There is a high correlation between test results and family background."
Research published earlier this year by the National Literacy Trust revealed that children who are not encouraged to read by their parents are three times more likely to say books are boring than those who are.